Bosque de Matasnos and its land was born more than 5 million years ago, in the Tertiary. But it was only a short time ago, in 1960, when the former landowners decided to clear the interior of the forest to dedicate 4 hectares to what is today our old vineyard and up to 149 hectares to drysoil cereal.
That is when the place changed its name. It was known as ‘the Forest’. The moving and removal of the millions of kilos of wood from the deforestation was carried out by donkeys, which needed dry soil to be able to do their work and this meant working long hours in the high temperatures of summer; because of this extreme work, many of the area’s donkeys died and the neighbours came to call our forest the place of dead donkeys or Bosque de Matasnos.
For us, it is a fundamental objective, a matter of principle, to return our land and forest to its state of health and biodiversity of 60 years ago, before the former owners partially cleared the forest’s interior, which is why our work is based on sustainable agricultural criteria and low impact ecology, where 100% ecological viticulture is the basis but not the only ‘leg’ of our sustainability project.
One of our key tasks is to get back the biodiversity our place once had, when bees pollinated a great variety of plants, benefiting their flowers, just as birds of prey managed and controlled insect and rodent pests, and sheep helped to keep the forest clear.
Today we are beekeepers, eager to return the lost colonies of bees that will guarantee the reversal of the erosion that, without them, has occurred in our floral diversity. With them, and in just a few years, our forest will be very different from how it was.
Likewise, we have developed, with the GREFA Foundation, a project to reintroduce indigenous birds of prey into our forest to be able to start the biological fight against insect and rodent pests. The objective is twofold, first to get back those species that left because of the excessive use of rat poison and insecticides and, second, to re-establish the food pyramid and thus prevent the possible use of toxic products to fight pests that may appear in the future.
Not only is our viticulture ecological, all the agriculture that we practise is, giving us the benefit of a better quality of soil and, therefore, of the grapes it produces; everything to get our place back to how it once was, a place without equal.
BMA location: Peñaranda de Duero, Burgos, Spain. Ribera Alta del Duero.
Acreage: 240 hectares. 80 forest, 22 vines, 138 cereal.
Forest of holm, oak, pine and savine juniper over a hundred years old (protected).
Altitude: 950 metres above sea level.
Soil: Sandy clay typical of the Ribera del Duero. Poor in organic material, ideal for producing quality grapes.
Average rainfall: 400 litres/year
Average day/night thermal temperature differences of 20ºC during the growing period.
Fauna: Rabbit, hare, badger, fox, roe deer, wild boar and wolf. Birds of prey and partridge.
57 years old vineyard in 4 hectares.
- 14,2 hectares Tempranillo
- 7,3 hectares Merlot
- 5,2 hectares Malbeq
- 6 hectares Viognier, Verdejo and Chardonnay
TOTAL PLANTED AREA: 32,7 Ha